Informing Local Communities, Civil Society & Local
Guides and tools
The guide is specifically designed for facilitators and trainers wanting to raise awareness
of local communities in oil and gas producing regions. Relevant activities are described
from a non-technical point of view.
Written by Jeroen de Zeeuw (Extractives Associate) and Elly Rijnierse (Senior Extractives Advisor) of Cordaid. And Karidewa Nyeinga (Regional Programme Coordinator) from RTENN.
This guide has been developed as a result of discussions held during several oil and gas
training programmes delivered by RTENN and Cordaid for government officials, oil
company personnel and civil society organizations in South Sudan and the East Africa
region. The general observation was that local communities living in oil producing regions
lacked learning material that would provide them with a basic understanding of the oil
and gas industry. This lack of awareness has resulted in suspicion/mistrust and represents
a challenge in the development of oil and gas projects.
Therefore, the guide covers basic aspects of the petroleum industry; mainly the upstream
sector, with a general overview of downstream activities.
It provides a brief introduction
to oil and gas formation and how oil companies get permission to carry out activities.
This is followed by how companies search for oil and gas; carry out development, get the oil
out of the ground and terminate the project. Finally, the impact of the industry on the
environment is described, with a specific focus on the common challenges encountered
by local communities living within oil producing regions. Safety aspects are clearly
highlighted in the form of “cautions”. The material is presented in simple terms/language
and is accompanied by illustrations.