This report outlines a conceptual framework for participation and the interaction of civil society, market and governments. The concepts of 'induced' and 'organic' participation are discussed in the context of World Bank poverty reduction, service delivery and capacity building projects. The report conducts the most comprehensive review of the evidence on the impact of participatory projects to date, looking at more than 400 papers and books.
The World Bank alone has invested about $85 billion over the last decade on development assistance for participation. Policy making in the area is conceptually weak, and there have been questions about whether participatory development is effective in reducing poverty, improving service delivery, and building the capacity for collective action. This groundbreaking report outlines a conceptual framework for participation that is centered on the concept of civil society failure and how it interacts with market and government failures. The authors use this framework to understand the key policy debates surrounding participatory development and to frame key policy questions.